Then, in 1066, the Norman invasion took place. This led to the destruction of the metalwork, as this material was melted and reused for other purposes. The paintings and sculptures were either destroyed or sent to Normandy for the enjoyment of its inhabitants. The art boom saw an overall halt for the next few decades. Gradually, Romanesque paintings emerged, which soon evolved into Gothic-style productions. These were of superior quality, coveted by collectors throughout Europe. It was also around this time that stained glass was introduced and used extensively in churches.
In the 1500â€™s and 1600â€™s, the Tudor period prevailed. This meant that most art was imported. However, there was a strong English influence in the field of portrait miniatures. Over the course of the next few years, portraits became a very important part of English art, right into the 18th century. Full sized portraits and landscape paintings were the order of the day by the close of the 1700â€™s. The baroque style that characterised these pieces was very influenced by the style and technique of Anthony Van Dyck. English nobles began a culture of collecting art at this time, earning it an acclaim it had not before enjoyed.
The 18th century also saw its art beginning to reflect middle-class living and attitudes. Weaknesses and vices were focussed on, approached with humour and satire.