Because England has enjoyed such a rich history, many of its towns and cities exude a similar charm and intrigue. These various places were established over hundreds, even thousands, of years and by many different folk, including kings, queens, religious leaders and explorers. Generally speaking, towns are smaller versions of cities, and vice versa. Cities are usually granted their status by the Crown, and both towns and cities are independently run. However, they do fall under the legal umbrella of parliament and, ultimately, the Queen. As such, they form part of one, cohesive body; that is, England.
Although there are hundreds of places to visit in England, there are certainly a few that stand out; whether it is for their sheer size and magnitude (such as London), their heritage (such as Bath), their intrigue (such as Soho) or their quaint charm (such as Plymouth).
View over city skyline, London, under blue skies with fluffy white clouds. Landmarks visible include
the National Theatre, the River Thames, Hungerford and Waterloo Bridges, Whitehall Palace,
Charing Cross railway station, Centrepoint,Post Office Tower and the new
Wembley Stadium Arch on the horizon.
Some of the major and most popular places in England (to visit, work and live in) are:
• London – the capital city of England and the United Kingdom (which includes Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland)
• Bath – the warm baths after which this destination is named gained their acclaim during the Roman occupation almost two thousand years ago
• Brighton – dubbed London-by-the-Sea
• Canterbury – A UNESCO World Heritage Site founded by Augustine
• Dover – A major ferry port in Kent
• Notting Hill – a “Bohemian” area in West London
• Plymouth – a charming, historical city on the coast of Devon
• Soho – once the “sex centre” of England, this district is part of the City of Westminster
• Manchester – one of the most populous districts in England
• Newcastle Upon Tyne – situated in North East England and on the banks of the River Tyne
In England, there are also chartered towns and town councils. These comprise:
• Civil parishes – A parish is an administrative area that is part of a diocese. This has its own church as well as places of worship for other denominations
• Unparished areas (these were called boroughs until 1974, when this terminology was formally abolished)
• Towns that had ancient charters or market charters. They never gained borough charters or town councils thereafter