Yorkshire and the Humber comprises seven established cities. These are:
• Kingston upon Hull (the main port of Yorkshire and the Humber, as well as an important fishing harbour)
• Leeds (the largest settlement in the area and one of the country’s most significant financial hubs)
• Sheffield (the epicentre of manufacturing)
Other significant towns and cities include:
The bridge over the River Nidd at Knaresborough, North Yorkshire, England.
Yorkshire and the Humber was established as one of the nine official government office regions in England in 1994. This region comprises much of the area formally known as Yorkshire as well the upper portion of Lincolnshire. As with all of the English counties, Yorkshire and the Humber are under the rule of Queen Elizabeth II.
The landscape of Yorkshire and the Humber is characterised by a very varied topography and geology. A number of rivers criss-cross their way through the region’s landscape. Those in the western and central parts of Yorkshire drain into the Ouse River. This water then flows through the Humber Estuary and into the North Sea. Some of the rivers that make up Yorkshire and the Humber’s water system include the Swale, Ure, Nidd, Esk, Wharfe, Aire, Dewent, Hull, Calder, Don, and Tees rivers. Hornsea Mere is situated in the East Riding of Yorkshire and is the largest freshwater lake in the region.
Yorkshire and the Humber experiences fairly temperate climatic conditions all year round. Summers are cool, while winters are mild. The coldest winters occur in the northern areas (the North York Moors) and the Pennine Mountain Range. The warmest conditions occur in the Vale of York. January is the region’s coldest month and June is its hottest.
Originally, this region of England was broken down into Humberside, North Yorkshire, West Yorkshire and South Yorkshire. Then, the councils of West Yorkshire and South Yorkshire were done away with, along with Humberside, leaving it to be called by its present-day name, Yorkshire and the Humber. Still, visitors will find some references to the old name in some places.
The Yorkshire and the Humber Assembly is made up of 22 local authorities and 15 Social, Economic and Environmental partners, as well as the National Parks (which is more for coordination purposes). This assembly provides leadership on a regional level, playing a key role in agreeing upon strategies and guiding the region’s development.
Yorkshire has historically been known for its mining industry. Although many of the mines were closed several decades ago, coal still plays a major part of the area’s economy. The Aire Valley is home to three sizeable power stations.