The Second World War saw massive destruction of large parts of Bath, and over 400 of its residents were killed. After the war, there was a formal review and the severe lack of housing was exposed. So, vast areas of Bath were cleared and redeveloped. The style of these homes was very different to the Georgian style that was prominent from pre-war years. Much of the building that took place in the 1950's was council housing, which, while economical, was not a very attractive style. During the 1970's and 1980's, priorities changed from the building of housing to the preservation of historical buildings. This was so successful that, in 1987, Bath was declared a World Heritage Site.
In terms of its physical geography, Bath is situated at the bottom of the Avon Valley, near the edge of the Cotswolds. The prolific presence of these hills means that Bath boasts a number of very steep streets, with buildings constructed on sheer hill faces. The city is bisected by the River Avon, which has been made into one single channel. The area of Bath totals only 29 square kilometres, or 11 square miles.
The hot spring water originates from rainfall on the Mendip Hills. This water drops as far as 4300 metres below the surface of the earth, where it can be heated to between 64 ??C and 96 ??C. As it heats, it expands, and is forced back up through limestone fissures and faults to the surface of the earth. Limestone is rich in minerals, giving the water the medicinal value it enjoys.
Tourist attractions in Bath:
.The Roman Baths
.The Jane Austen Centre
.The Victoria Art Gallery
.The Fashion Museum
For more information, please view: https://www.cityofbath.co.uk/