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Cricket

2013

By Amelia Meyer

Cricket

This history of cricket remains a rather hazy record of childish games played by 14th Century children and / or shepherds. This information has been ascertained largely by the fact that there are few records about the sport, so it must not have been a sport of the adults, even those of the working class.

What is known is that it was played before 1550 of our Common Era (CE), and that its roots can be traced to South East England. In those days, right up until 1760, the ball was delivered along the ground, meaning that it could only be played in short grass.




Image of close fielders put pressure on the batsman duringa game of cricket.

Close fielders put pressure on the batsman duringa game of cricket.

So, the players would be restricted to areas in which sheep were grazing (hence the reference to its being a popular game amongst shepherds) or in certain clearings in the forest or bush. The ball was made of rags or wool that had been bound closely together to form a rounded shape. The bat was likely a shepherd’s staff or a stick of sorts.

When working men began to play the game during the 1600’s was when cricket emerged as a more viable, recognised sport. The spectators were attracted by the fact that they could bet on winners at first, but soon became wrapped up in the game itself. As the English people spread abroad, occupying areas like America, India and southern Africa, they took this game along with them.




Cricket achieved its test status in 1877 and the first test match was played in March of that year against Australia. In 1971, England played the first One Day International, also against Australia.

The modern rules of cricket were devised by the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC), which were formalised in 1835 by the club itself. These laws remain relatively unchanged.

Cricket soon became the sport of the elite and the gentlemen. Renowned schools like Eton encouraged their students to play and support it, creating a culture of sophisticated fans. Today, the major identities in cricket include England, India, South Africa, Pakistan, Australia and the West Indies.

England plays test cricket, One Day International matches and the fast-paced Twenty20 games. Every year, England plays seven test matches against two other international teams. There are various One Day games played too.

Cricket is the official summer sport of England. England’s main cricket rival is believed to be Australia.

Unlike the cases of rugby and football, the cricket players in England do not achieve quite the level of celebrity status as other sports players might. However, there are well-known names in this sport, many of whom are used for campaigns and charities. Cricket matches are well attended, but do not generally break out into the raucous cheering and celebrations typical of rugby and football. Indeed, this sport has maintained its culture of being the more sedate gentleman’s game.

Cricket Facts

The history of cricket goes down into the dust of time. By the 17th century, the game was very popular as a rough rural pastime. The first and most important cricket club on the land was organized in Hambledon Hampshire in the 1760s. The center of power in the game quickly moved to London most significantly the formation of the Marylebone Cricket Club, having its offices in Lord’s Ground. Major cricket match dates can stretch across several days with each side being involved in two innings if their innings can be divided. Traditional village cricket is played today all throughout England.

England cricket team

England is a member of The International Cricket Centre ICC. England is ranked fourth in tests second in ODI play and first among its T20 matches. With data updated for 6 September 2021 England has played 1,040 test matches winning 278 and 175 defeating (with 351 drawing and 869 runs.) They won the T20 World Cup in 2010 and finished fourth in 2016. England and Australia were the first teams to play a test match (15 to 19 March 1877) and together with South Africa formed the Imperial Cricket Conference (premier to today ICC) in June 1909.

The governing body

The England and Wales Cricket Board is the governing body to govern England Cricket and England’s cricket team. The board has been in operation since 1 January 1997 and represents England on the International Cricket Council. A large proportion of the ECB’s revenue will come from selling ticket sales sponsorship and rights. The last time the English touring team wore the bacon-on-egg color of the MCC was on the 1996 – 1997 Tour of New Zealand. Before 1997 Cricket’s official body was a testing and county cricket board. Apart from in Test games the English team officially played as MCC in Australia when traveling overseas up until and including the 1976–77 return route.

History

The first recorded incidence of a team with a claim to represent England occurred on 9 July 1739 when an ‘All-England’ Team played against the Unconquerable County of Kent and. It eventually competed against a United All-English eleven squad. Yearly contests were held between 1845 and 1856. They are likely the most important match of the English season in terms of the quality of players. United All England Eleven was founded in 1846 and competed against an All England team in 1847.

For more information, please view: http://www.ecb.co.uk/