However, the Romans invaded and took over the district in the first century of our Common Era (CE), building a protective fort, which they called Mamucium (the root of the modern-day name, Manchester). It is believed that, during the third century, the Romans deserted Manchester for the most part.
In 1066, the Normans conquered the area, and played a major role in which areas were developed and which were left to go to waste, as was the case for most of Manchester. Then, in the 14th Century, records show that weavers of Flemish descent flocked into the Manchester area. These ones were, likely, the beginning of the area's success in the textile industry. By the mid 16th Century, it had become one of the most respected epicentres for wools and linens. This lasted well into the 1700's, when cotton boomed as a leading export and product. Such a successful industry demanded the constant development of the city's infrastructure and accessibility. During the 19th Century, its textile factories had spread right across the county. The Industrial Revolution was a significant event in the history of Manchester, which was a key figure due to its flourishing industries.
Despite this wealth and abundance, there were also areas of Manchester that were of a shocking nature in terms of the destitution and squalor that prevailed.